Causes of Cysts on the Ovaries
There are various causes for ovarian cysts to develop but not all of the cysts are the same. That’s why there’s a need to find out what sort of ovarian cyst you may have to get the proper treatment. Knowing some of the causes for these cysts can help in finding the best treatment for them.
Typically, ovaries grow cyst-like structures every month, and this is normal. Estrogen and progesterone are produced by these follicles, allowing the release of your egg during ovulation. These follicles usually dissolve at the end of ovulation but sometimes they keep growing. The most common types of ovarian cysts are formed in this way. They are called “functional cysts.” This means that the cyst began during the normal function of the ovaries in the menstrual cycle.
Functional cysts are caused by the same thing even though there are 2 different types. The follicular cyst forms during the middle of the menstrual cycle. Your brain releases a luteinizing hormone that tells the follicle to release the egg. If the follicle doesn’t do this, it grows and become a cyst. Typically, this kind of functional cyst is harmless, causes no pain and goes away by itself.
Corpus luteum cysts occur when the brain releases the luteinizing hormone to alert the follicle and the egg releases through a rupture. This follicle turns into the corpus luteum. The ruptured follicle seals off where the egg escaped and fluid starts to build. The corpus luteum now has become a cyst.
The corpus luteum cyst typically goes away by itself in a short time. However, it may become nearly 4 inches around and can potentially bleed into itself. This causes the ovary to twist. The cyst can rupture which causes internal bleeding if it fills up with blood. This will bring a sharp, sudden pain. Clomiphene citrate, a fertility drug, can cause a corpus luteum cyst as can ovulation.
You now know how the 2 different functional cysts are formed. However, the causes aren’t really known. There are professionals that feel that the health, lifestyle, weight, and diet of a woman determine whether or not she develops an ovarian cyst. Others believe it’s more her state of mind. This includes the levels of stress and anxiety.
Some cysts have symptoms of bleeding, aching, swelling and sharp pain. Others may cause constipation, urination problems, feelings of lower abdominal pressure, and irregular menstrual periods. However, these symptoms can vary from one woman to the next.
If you’re having any of these symptoms, you need to contact your doctor as soon as possible. Never assume they’ll just go away.